FERTILITY DEVELOPMENTS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: THE ROLE OF WORK–FAMILY TENSIONS
Keywords: Childcare, Family economics, Family policy, Work-Family, Woman's employment, CEE countries
AbstractThis paper provides an overview of developments in fertility, family policy models, and intensity of work-family tensions in the CEE region in the 1990s and 2000s. It hypothesises that the intensification of work-family incongruities in the 1990s might have been an important determinant of the decline in fertility seen in postsocialist countries in the 1990s, and that the implementation of reconciliation policies in some of the post-socialist countries in the 2000s might have led to diversity in rates of fertility improvement in the region. It concludes by encouraging more in-depth research on the interrelationships between fertility, women’s employment, family policies and social norms regarding women’s work in the CEE region, all of which would help verify these hypotheses.